Growing Interventions - Strategic Development and Hazard Mitigation Concept for the Informal Settlement Onaville, Haiti

Verfasserin: Ines Hoffmann
Studiengang: Lehrstuhl für Landschaftsarchitektur und öffentlicher Raum (Master-Thesis)
Betreuung: Prof. Regine Keller (TU München)
 

Copyright: Ines Hoffmann



 

Copyright: Ines Hoffmann

 

Zusammenfassung
Onaville is part of the emerging informal settlement “Canaan” 15 kilometers north of Port-au-Prince. It is located on an alluvial cone south of an eroded mountain range. This thesis proposes a strategy for urbanization and hazard mitigation in the context of the rapid urbanization of this informal settlement.
By means of green infrastructure, a network of open spaces is implemented to be of public use and assist in flood mitigation.
The concept of “Growing Interventions” is based on the idea of implementing punctual interventions at selected locations that spread out and consequently influence the whole settlement. It fosters the existing social and economic structures by providing the required infrastructure and support to impel necessary and beneficiary transformations. The punctual interventions are neighborhood centers, at Ravine Madaniel combined with bridges. In and by these centers, the concept of green infrastructure is promoted.
Those comparatively small interventions become an interconnected system and result in a major improvement of the resident’s livelihoods.
The bridges enable safe crossing of the ravine in daily life as well as in disaster situations. The neighborhood centers serve as market hubs and meeting points. They provide services such as public toilets, showers, laundry facilities, storage rooms for market goods and street lighting combined with facilities for cellphone-charging. The system of green infrastructure is promoted in workshops. Plants are prepared to be planted for green infrastructure measures in nurseries.

Begründung der Preiswürdigkeit
Frau Hofmann hat in Port au Prince, Haiti einen Masterplanansatz erarbeitet, der auf vorhandenen Forschungsansätzen am Lehrstuhl und eigener Feldarbeit aufbaut. Bei ihrem Aufenthalt in der informellen Siedlung Canaan, die in Haiti nach dem schweren Erdbeben 2010 entstanden war, hat sie an einer großen Überflutungsrinne ein landschaftsbasiertes, partizipatives Kultivierungsprojekt entwickelt. Ihre intensive Beschäftigung mit den klimatischen, hydrologischen und vegetationstechnischen Konditionen vor Ort und der konstruktive Dialog mit den BewohnerInnen, macht diese sehr gute Arbeit so bemerkenswert.


Geschrieben am 21.12.2017 - geändert am 17.01.2018

 

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