Open spaces create identity, enable social participation and give the public a place. They are stages of social life and are designed as places of encounter, communication and urbanity. As green infrastructures, they positively influence the urban climate and biodiversity.
Landscape architects translate the demands of people into concrete designs of landscaped open spaces. The wide range of these open spaces includes public spaces such as parks and green spaces, play and exercise areas, squares and pedestrian zones, but also privately used open spaces such as home gardens, company gardens and roof gardens.
Open space planning is often closely linked to other tasks related to building culture, neighbourhood planning, buildings or infrastructures, as well as adaptation to climate change. Thus, open space planners also deal with urban planning, traffic, garden monument preservation or urban nature.
The design of open spaces is also referred to as object planning. It is divided into nine different service phases. Landscape architects begin with the actual design task on the basis of determined fundamentals. Preliminary planning, design, approval planning and implementation planning form the design core of the task. Afterwards, in the object planning phase, the landscape architect participates in the awarding of building contracts and supervises these professionally for the client.
The spectrum of open space planning:
- Public parks and green spaces
- Pedestrian zones, squares, promenades, streets and car parks
- Open spaces on buildings for residential, industrial, commercial, offices, hotels, museums, schools and public facilities
- Open spaces for clinics and care facilities, therapy gardens and spa parks
- Residential environment design and improvement
- renovation of green and open spaces
- Barrier-free open spaces
- Playground planning, children's playgrounds, day care centres and schoolyards
- Garden monument preservation, garden monument preservation target planning
- traffic facilities and infrastructure landscapes
- Cemeteries and allotment gardens
- Garden shows, exhibition and leisure parks
- Home gardens
- Plant planning and plant use
- Park maintenance works, garden monument conservation, restoration of historical parks and gardens
- Sports facilities for competitive and popular sports
- Leisure facilities, golf courses, camping sites, open-air swimming pools, beaches
- Green architecture, inner courtyards, conservatories and interior greening, roof and facade greening
- Animal parks, zoos and animal enclosures
- Educational and health trails
- Concepts for outdoor lighting
- Rainwater management
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