The goal of landscape planning is to preserve the beauty and diversity of landscapes and to develop cultural landscapes with concepts and concrete projects.
Landscapes are continuously reshaped, developed, maintained and protected by society. Well-known fields of action of this continuous landscape change in settled and unsettled areas are the energy transition as well as infrastructure and housing development. On the one hand, landscape architects actively develop urban and cultural landscapes. On the other hand, they plan the necessary protection of nature and landscape against current usage demands and preserve them from impairment.
The central legal basis is the Federal Nature Conservation Act. For example, landscape plans are drawn up to qualify communal urban land use plans and regional planning and to define necessary nature conservation measures. Landscape architects understand landscape planning as a comprehensive task. It includes ecological-creative, spatial environmental planning, the legally required environmental assessments and innovative development concepts.
The spectrum of landscape planning includes:
- Landscape and green space plans, landscape planning contributions
- Landscape conservation planning and implementation planning (LBP, LAP)
- Watercourse development, renaturation, flood protection
- Climate protection and climate adaptation concepts
- Concepts for regenerative energy landscapes (solar energy fields, wind farms)
- Care and development planning, management plans
- Biotope network planning and species protection concepts
- Landscape framework plans, landscape development concepts and land use plans
- Regional and inter-communal development concepts
- Rural development, sustainable regional development
- Revitalization of industrial landscapes and conversion areas
- mining and recultivation planning
- Impact regulation, compensation concepts, land pools and eco-accounts
- Environmental assessments, environmental impact studies (EIA, SEA, EIA report)
- FFH impact assessments (FFH-VP), species protection assessments (saP)
- Water-legal expert contributions (Water Framework Directive)
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