In the update of the Sustainability Strategy 2021, the Sustainable Development Goals of the United Nations, based on the "Agenda 2030", are transferred into a national strategy. For the first time, 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) were identified.
Making cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable
Cities will play a key role in determining whether the global Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) can be achieved. SDG11 "Sustainable cities and communities" sets as an overarching goal the implementation of common good-oriented, partnership-based and resilient urban development in cities and communities that creates sustainable and efficient structures. The concrete objectives include efforts to reduce land consumption to an average of less than 30 hectares per day by 2030. In addition, a reduction in the loss of open space per inhabitant is targeted, as well as no reduction in settlement density.
Taking action to combat climate change and its impacts
One of the greatest global challenges of the 21st century is climate change. SDG 13, "Take urgent action to address climate change and its impacts", targets a doubling of international climate finance to reduce greenhouse gases and adapt to climate change by 2020 compared to 2014. This will certainly have implications for funding, in terms of resilient urban and open space development.
Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems
Intact ecosystems are an indispensable basis for human existence and sustainable development. Within SDG 15 "Protect, restore and promote the sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, manage forests sustainably, combat desertification, halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss", the German government aims to increase the biodiversity and landscape quality index score to 100 by 2030. The current index value is 68 and is due to the development of the populations of 51 bird species representing the most important landscape and habitat types in Germany. Indirectly, this also reflects the development of numerous other species in the landscape and the sustainability of land use. A further target is to reduce eutrophication of ecosystems by 35 is 2030 compared to 2005.
Implementing the Sustainable Development Goals quickly and easily
The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) website https://17ziele.de/ziele/13.html proposes concrete, low-threshold and easy-to-implement measures for everyone in relation to the 17 SDGs. For each SDG, for example, there are various suggestions for measures such as "plant trees and plants that filter the air", "organise urban development competitions" or "set up sneezing facilities for birds". With the new Sustainability Goals of the German Sustainability Strategy, the German government has set itself the ambitious goal of setting the course for a decade of sustainability!
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